Bashkirs

   Ethnic group. Russia’s fifth largest nationality, Bashkirs are a Turkic people who form the titular minority in Bashkortostan. Sizable communities also live in the Chelyabinsk, Orenburg, Perm, Sverdlovsk, Kurgan, and Tyumen oblasts of the Russian Federation. In total, there are more than 1.6 million Bashkirs in the Russian Federation.
   The Bashkir language is closely related to Tatar and is part of the Kypchak subgroup of Turkic languages. Only two-thirds of Bashkirs claim knowledge of their mother tongue, while Russian language fluency is near universal. During the first half of the 20th century, many Bashkirs adopted the Tatar language, especially in northwestern Bashkortostan. However, there has been a relative decline in the numbers of Bashkirs who speak Tatar as their first language over the past 50 years, especially since 1989, when language reforms increased the use of Bashkir in the public sphere.
   Bashkirs are predominantly Sunni Muslims of the moderate Hanafi school of jurisprudence, though a small percentage practice Russian Orthodoxy. Culturally speaking, the Bashkirs are closely linked to the Tatars and intermarriage rates run high, though resentment exists, especially regarding what is seen as Tatar “cultural imperialism” in Bashkortostan. This was most evident in the early 1990s when the radical Bashkir National Party declared that only ethnic Bashkirs should have the right to determine the form of the republic. More radical Bashkir nationalists advocate the creation of a “Greater Bashkortostan,” which would include all or part of Orenburg and thus create an international border with Kazakhstan. Such a territorial change is seen as the first step in establishing conditions for a completely independent nation-state or federation of Volga peoples similar to the short-lived Idel-Ural Republic, which existed from 1917 until 1921.

Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation. . 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bashkirs — Infobox Ethnic group group=Bashkirs (unicode|Башҡорттар) poptime=1,800,000 (estimated) popplace=Russia: 1,673,389 (2002) [http://www.perepis2002.ru/content.html?id=11 docid=10715289081463] Uzbekistan: 41,000 Kazakhstan: 24,000 (1999)… …   Wikipedia

  • BASHKIRS —    originally a Finnish nomad race (and still so to some extent) of E. Russia, professing Mohammedanism; they number some 500,000 …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Bashkirs — n. Turkic people living in Russia; Turkic language of Bashkir people …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Bashkortostan — This article is about a federal subject of Russia. For the newspaper, see Bashkortostan (newspaper). Republic of Bashkortostan Республика Башкортостан (Russian) Башҡортостан Республикаһы (Bashkir)    …   Wikipedia

  • Bashkir — /bahsh kear , bash /; Russ. /bu shkyeerdd /, n., pl. Bashkirs, (esp. collectively) Bashkir for 1. 1. a member of a people living in the Bashkir Autonomous Republic and adjacent areas. 2. the Turkic language of the Bashkir, closely related to… …   Universalium

  • Turkic peoples — Total population Approximately 160 million[citation needed] Regions with signifi …   Wikipedia

  • Tatars — Infobox Ethnic group group=Tatars (Tatarlar / Татарлар) poptime= 21 millionFact|date=September 2008 popplace=Russia, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Ukraine, Kyrgyzstan, Turkey, Lithuania, Finland, Estonia, Poland, Belarus, Germany, Bulgaria, Romania,… …   Wikipedia

  • Russia — This article is about the current country. For other uses, see Russia (disambiguation). Russian Federation Российская Федерация Rossiyskaya Federatsiya …   Wikipedia

  • Demographics of Russia — Population (in millions) 1950 – January 2010.[1] Population: 142,905,200 (2010 Russian Census) Growth rate …   Wikipedia

  • Kalmyk people — Kalmyks …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.